What Is Depression? Types, Causes And Treatment


Definition Of Depression

Depression is a disorder that affects over 10 percent of our world population. But many people don’t have enough knowledge about it. Stereotypes tell us that people having depression are weak. It’s not easy to understand depression because it is invisible to us.

It is a disorder defined by thoughts, behaviors, and feelings rather than other symptoms like fever, flu, or vomiting. To completely understand what it is, we need to understand its causes and symptoms. In the United States alone over 10% of adults deal with it.

One major source of confusion is the difference between having depression and feeling depressed. People tend to feel down in their life from time to time. Losing a job, getting bad grades, having relationship arguments and difficulties can become the cause of depression. Living with it is not easy because it can make you feel sad and make you feel low during your daily routine.

This is a serious condition that changes our mood, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Certain life events or incidents can also alter it. And learning different types of depression is a big step towards its recognition.


Different Types Of Depression

  • Clinical Depression

Clinical depression is also known as major depression. It can happen due to a long state of sadness or loss of interest in any activity. People facing clinical depression often face exhaustion and the inability to focus. People facing this disorder sometimes also face weight loss or weight gain.

  • Persistent Depression

Persistent depression is also known as Dysthymia. This can last for years and affects everyday life. People facing this feels difficulty finding happiness and joy. They are also defined as gloomy or pessimistic as they tend to complain a lot about many things.

  • Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder or we can say it Manic depression is a mental health condition that can cause mood change very rapidly. It can also cause a change in mood, sleep, and behavior. Mood swings in this can sometimes cause experiencing dangerous thoughts and feeling alone to sometimes feeling super energized. These mood swings can occur from weeks to months time frame.

  • Postpartum Depression

Women often experience sadness after giving birth due to hormonal changes. This is also known as ‘Baby Blues’. This depression time frame is just for a few weeks after giving birth. However, one in seven women can face serious postpartum depression. These mothers face depression and anxiety for several weeks and lose interest in many daily activities.

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder

The seasonal affective disorder usually occurs from season to season. For example, it can happen in winter and can last till spring. People can face tiredness and a general lack of interest in the activity. This can have a serious effect on relationships. Season affective disorder can also make a person eating more and excessive sleeping which can become the cause of tiredness and gaining more weight.

  • Psychotic Depression

Depression can become more serious over overtime. About 20 percent of people facing this have psychotic depression. People with psychotic experience both depression and psychosis. This can change people thinking and behavior and they sometimes face false beliefs and hallucinations.

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

This is common among women. It is also called cyclic, hormonal mood disorder. It is considered a more severe type of Premenstrual disorder. Around 5 percent of women diagnosed with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. These women can face depressed mood and anxiety and change in their behavior. To be diagnosed with this disorder, A woman must have these symptoms during most of her menstrual cycles for the past year.

  • Atypical Depression

Atypical Depression is the most common type of depressive disorder. People feel sadness and sometimes hopelessness in this disorder. Symptoms of atypical depression include not eating and sometimes an increase in sleep and eating. A positive event can help a person improve their mood.

  • Situational Depression

Situational depression is also known as Reactive depression. Common symptoms of this are a series of changes in everyday life like the passing of some loved one or the ending of a marriage or relationship struggles.

  • Disruptive Mood Dysregulation

This is a new type of depression affecting children who struggle to control their emotions. The reason for this is children suffering from disruptive mood dysregulation faces mostly temper outbursts in response to frustration.


Signs And Causes Of Depression

It’s not easy to go through deep and dark depression. Physical illness can also become a cause of depression. It can also be caused by several medical conditions and in addition to that things like alcohol, pharmaceutical, and recreational drugs can also lead to it sometimes.

The cause of depression can be through many things like losing a job, getting bad grades, relationship hardships, low mood. These factors can trigger it. Let’s get into a few causes of depression.

  • Stressful Life Events

There can be an event that happened in your life which can cause it. Studies show most people show depression symptoms because of recent events happened in their life. Like losing a job, divorce, death of some loved one, having a child.

  • Helplessness

People sometimes feel depressed due to powerlessness about certain events surrounding their life about which they can not do anything about. Sometimes they think that a certain bad thing is happened because of them. Or a certain bad thing will keep happening to them. And sometimes think everything is bad in their life.

  • Negative Cognitive Styles

Choosing to see only the negative side of things and thinking so much about some minor issues leads to depression in people.

  • Hormonal ImBalance

Mood irregularities or poor eating habits are related to hormones in the body and they also cause depression. Studies show that a low level of the hormone serotonin might be responsible for the development of this disorder.

  • Overactive Endocrine System

The endocrine system is the mechanism in the body responsible for releasing hormones. Research shows that an overactive endocrine system can result in an oversupply of stress hormones. And that is common in those diagnosed with it.

  • Family History Of Depression

If your close family member has a history of depression or bipolar disorder that it’s three times more likely you can also develop symptoms of this. This is because studies suggest that depression is a genetically heritable disorder.

  • Dysfunctional Home Life

Growing up in an abusive family can leave a lot of psychological damage to a child. Whether it’s physical, emotional, or sexual go on to develop depression and anxiety. Coming from a broken family or abandoned by a parent at a young age can also lead to this.

  • Lack Of Social Support

A lack of social support is an important factor in a person’s depression. Having few or no relationships or friends can become the cause of this. It leads you feeling isolated and alone.


Treatment Of Depression

Depression treatment is not impossible. It can be treated in different ways. Like doing regular exercise, walking daily for at least 30 minutes, Taking care of your health and diet.

Also do not oversleep, sleeping for at least 7 to 8 hours will be enough. Socialize with family and friends. These things can relax a person’s brain. You can also watch depression motivation videos on youtube. Social media and depression also connected. Sometimes using too many social media platforms can also lead to depression. So it’s better to not use too many social media platforms. 

If a person is facing dark depression and having suicidal thoughts in the brain. They should immediately visit their doctor or health care provider.



Depression can be for a few days and can last for months. So it’s better to get its treatment from a doctor and also reach out to family and friends. Take less stress and don’t overthink about small issues.

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